Riddles are needed in order to pass on to new generations the life experience of previous generations. With the help of riddles explain to children in the form of a game the laws of the world, and develop thinking and imagination.
Riddles have been created at all times. Various riddles exist in the folklore of other nations. But each riddle reflects the culture of its own people. Therefore, we can say that the riddle as part of folklore - a reflection of the culture, national character, and geographical features of the region in which it was born.
The riddle is a genre peculiar not only to Russian folklore. There is an ancient Greek myth of Oedipus and the Sphinx.
A terrible monster with a woman's head, a snake's tail, and scales of iron settled in the vicinity of Thebes. For a long time, it terrified the inhabitants of the city. And to those who had to walk along the road where the Sphinx lived, he gave a riddle: "Who walks on four legs in the morning, on two in the afternoon, and on three in the evening?"
Those who could not guess it would be killed by the Sphinx.
But one day King Oedipus appeared before the Sphinx. After thinking for a while, Oedipus gave the answer, "It's a man! When he is little he crawls, when he is grown up he walks, and when he is old he leans on a cane."
The riddle was solved. And the Sphinx was destroyed, and the city was saved.
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